STOP Early Journal Content on JSTOR, Free to Anyone in the World This article is one of nearly 500,000 scholarly works digitized and made freely available to everyone in the world by JSTOR. Known as the Early Journal Content, this set of works include research articles, news, letters, and other writings published in more than 200 of the oldest leading academic journals. The works date from the mid-seventeenth to the early twentieth centuries. We encourage people to read and share the Early Journal Content openly and to tell others that this resource exists. People may post this content online or redistribute in any way for non-commercial purposes. Read more about Early Journal Content at http://about.jstor.org/participate-jstor/individuals/early- journal-content . JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary source objects. JSTOR helps people discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content through a powerful research and teaching platform, and preserves this content for future generations. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization that also includes Ithaka S+R and Portico. For more information about JSTOR, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org. 356 BOOK REVIEWS temper of the stage-driver to the large size of the windows in the hospitals — both of which, he declared, would be exceptional in a land of despotism. To liberty and equality was due the longevity of the people. To the absence of entire liberty and equality, in the case of women, was due the greater prevalence of consumption among their sex." There is an excellent appendix of selected letters and other documents, a full bibliography and a complete Index at the back of this volume. The work casts great credit on Vassar and is a model biography in every way. The Mexican Problem. By Clarence W. Barron, with Introduction by Talcott Williams, LL.D. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1917. Pp. xxv+136. So high an authority on international affairs as Dr. Talcott Williams considers these articles on the Mexican Problem, by one of America's best known financial experts as "a clear and wise economic picture of Mexico," beyond any others that he has read. No other book, he claims, " so grasps the clear, strong fact that Mexico is a hell on earth because Mexico has no law." It is a vivid picture Mr. Barron gives of Mexico in its dark tragic present, " with cartridges for currency," and as one falls under the sway of his graphic descriptions, it is hard to resist Dr. William's conclu- sion that the Mexican people should be given the same chance which was given to the people of Cuba. There has always been a close connection between New England and Mexico. Fifty years ago the people of New England were giving lavishly to Protestant missionaries who had returned from Mexico to collect money, in order that they might "help spread truth and light before our fellow-man and brother over our southern border." Forty years ago came the appeal for rail- roads, and millions of New England dollars were poured into the project, which was not unlinked with religious "futures." There are seventeen million people in Mexico — ten million pure Aztecs, five million of partially Spanish origin, and two million pure Spanish and other foreigners. Where formerly it was estimated that there were fifty thousand Americans, there are not now five thousand. It is this motley of population which is the most difficult of all Mexico's problems, and the question of amalgama- tion appeals to many, particularly to the American east of the BOOK REVIEWS 357 Hudson, as one that can only be settled by conquest. New England settled its Indian problem in the old days by such a means, and it is not unfrequently heard nowadays that the United States failed to realize its heaven-sent chance of "conquer- ing" Mexico in '48. Back of the idea of "conquering" Mexico — an idea, even though it comes from New England, that is quite Prussian in essence — is the desire of exploitation, and Mr. Barron has settled that possibility to his own mind once and for all. " The idea that Mexico is a land to be exploited by foreign princes passed away with Maximilian. The idea that it is to be exploited for the benefit of the United States must soon go by the boards, if it has not already gone." Mr. Barron holds that the redemption of Mexico must come from the "invasion of business," but busi- ness which has for its end the amelioration of the situation through technical training, higher wages, bank accounts, financial inde- pendence, and the rights of citizenship and accumulation. Much of his book centers around the story of one of these "invaders" — Mr. Edward L. Doheny, who, with his partner Canfield, entered Mexico in 1900 to prospect for petroleum, and about whom Mr. Barron has written an interesting chapter. In proof of his asser- tion that exploitation is not the cure for Mexico, Mr. Barron says that cooperation between Mexico and its Sister Republic of the North can never be accomplished until two popular, yet abso- lutely false, impressions of Mexico are removed. These popular fallacies are: "First, that the natural wealth of Mexico has furnished a base for contending business interests from the United States to pro- mote Mexican quarrels. "Second, that the land question is at the bottom of the Mexican troubles." With these two fallacies as a background, Mr. Barron points out that every policy begun by the United States during Mr. Wil- son's presidency has been wrong. The President's attitude of non-intervention rendered the national government in Mexico powerless. "Wilson's words were posted over Mexico. It was 'open season' for all who could get the guns." Mr. Barron's book is written from Wall Street, and, while hardly worthy of the adjective historical, his book gives a new viewpoint to the Mexican Problem. It is oil, not religion, which he places at the root of the trouble.